Echinacea GP - References

I Product Info I Ingredients I Recommended Use I Clinical Trials I Research Brief I References



Indication: first aid against a common cold, decreased immune response, frequent common colds, flu epidemic.

Actions: increases the body’s natural defense, has anti-inflammatory activity, antioxidant, standardized extract guarantees efficacy.

Ingredients (per 1 capsule):

Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) 5:1 extract (aerial parts) (4% polyphenolic compounds) (equivalent to 1250 mg of crude herb) - 250 mg, rutin – 25 mg.

Low USA domestic & international



Echinacea GP - References:

  1. See DM, Broumand N, Sahl L, Tilles JG. In vitro effects of echinacea and ginseng on natural killer and antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity in healthy subjects and chronic fatigue syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. Immunpharmacol 1997;35:229-35.

  2. Leuttig B, Steinmuller C, Gifford GE, et al. Macrophage activation by the polysaccharide arabinogalactan isolated from plant cell cultures of Echinacea purpurea. J Natl Cancer Inst 1989;81:669-75.

  3. Melchart D, Linde K, Worku F, et al. Immunomodulation with Echinacea-a systematic review of controlled clinical trials. Phytomedicine 1994;1:245-54.

  4. Hoheisel O, Sandberg M, Bertram S, et al. Echinacea shortens the course of the common cold: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Clin Res 1997;9:261-8.

  5. Braunig B, Dorn M, Knick E. Echinacea purpurea root for strengthening the immune response to flu-like infections. Zeitschrift Phytotherapie 1992;13:7-13.

  6. Brikenborn RM, Shah DV, Degenring FH. Echinaforce® and other Echinacea fresh plant preparations in the treatment of the common cold. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Phytomedicine 1999;6:1-5.

  7. Schulten B., Bulitta M., Ballering-Bruhl B., Koster U., Schafer M. Efficacy of Echinacea purpurea in patients with a common cold. A placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind clinical trial // Arzneimittelforschung. — 2001. — 51(7). — Р. 563–568.

  8. Schoneberger, D. 1992. The influence of immune-stimulating effects of pressed juice from Echinacea purpurea on the course and severity of colds. Forum Immunologie 2:18–22.

  9. V. Goel, R. Lovlin, R. Barton, M. R. Lyon, R. Bauer, T. D. G. Lee , T. K. Basu Efficacy of a standardized Echinacea preparation (EchinilinTM) for the treatment of the common cold: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 2004 Feb;29(1):75-83.

  10. Miller SC. Echinacea: a Miracle Herb against Aging and Cancer? Evidence In vivo in Mice. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2005 Sep;2(3):309-14.

  11. Brousseau M, Miller SC. Enhancement of natural killer cells and increased survival of aging mice fed daily Echinacea root extract from youth. Biogerontology. 2005;6(3):157-63.

  12. Diane F Birt, Mark P Widrlechner, Carlie A LaLone, Lankun Wu, Jaehoon Bae, Avery KS Solco, George A Kraus, Patricia A Murphy, Eve S Wurtele, Qiang Leng, Steven C Hebert, Wendy J Maury and Jason P Price. Echinacea in infection. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 87, No. 2, 488S-492S, February 2008.