Norwegian Kelp GP - References

I Product Info I Ingredients
I Recommended Use
I Clinical Trials
I Research Brief
I References

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Indication: thyroid gland hypofunction, residence in endemic regions, weakened immunity, inertia, apathy, increased body mass, premenstrual syndrome, decreased skin elasticity, nail fragility, hair loss.

Actions: source of organic iodine, improves metabolism, stimulates thyroid gland function, normalizes endocrine gland function, increases energy levels, promotes detoxification, lowers the risk of developing tumors.

Ingredients (per 1 tablet):

Iodine (from Norwegian kelp) - 150 mcg, Norwegian kelp (0.1% iodine) (Ascophylum nodosum) - 150 mg.

Low USA domestic & international

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Norwegian Kelp GP - References:

  1. Norman JA, Pickford CJ, Sanders TW, et al. Human intake of arsenic and iodine from seaweed based food supplements and health foods available in the UK. Food Addit Contam 1987;5:103-9.
  2. Vázquez-Freire MJ, Lamela M, Calleja JM. Hypolipidaemic activity of a polysaccharide extract from Fucus vesiculosus L. Phytother Res 1996;10:647-50.
  3. Vázquez-Freire MJ, Lamela M, Calleja JM. A preliminary study of hypoglycaemic activity of several polysaccharide extracts from brown algae: Fucus vesiculosus, Saccorhiza polyschides and Laminaria ochroleuca. Phytother Res 1996;10(suppl):S184-5.
  4. Bartlett MR, Warren HS, Cowden WB, Parish DR. Effects of the anti-inflammatory compounds castanospermine, mannose-6-phosphate and fucoidan on allograft rejection and elicited peritoneal exudates. Immunol Cell Biol 1994;72:367-74.
  5. Church FC, Mead JB, Treanor RE, Whinna HC. Antithrombin activity of fucoidan. The interaction of fucoidan with heparin cofactor II, antithrombin III and thrombin. J Biol Chem 1989;264:3618-23.
  6. Criado MT, Ferreirós CM. Toxicity of an algal mucopolysaacharide for Escherichia coli and Neisseria meningitidis strains. Rev Esp Fisiol 1984;40:227-30.
  7. Hoshino T, Hayashi T, Hayashi K, Hamada J, Lee JB, Sankawa U. An antivirally active sulfated polysaccharide from Sargassum horneri (TURNER) C. AGARDH. Biol Pharm Bull. 1998 Jul;21(7):730-4.
  8. Thompson KD, Fitton JH, Dragar C, et. al. GFS, a Preparation of Tasmanian Undaria pinnatifida, is Associated with Healing and Inhibition of Reactivation of Herpes. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2002;2:11.
  9. Hirayasu H, Yoshikawa Y, Tsuzuki S, Fushiki T. Sulfated polysaccharides derived from dietary seaweeds increase the esterase activity of a lymphocyte tryptase, granzyme A. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2005 Dec;51(6):475-7.
  10. Irhimeh MR, Fitton JH, Lowenthal RM.Fucoidan ingestion increases the expression of CXCR4 on human CD34+ cells. Exp Hematol. 2007 Jun;35(6):989-94.
  11. Maruyama H, Tamauchi H, Iizuka M, Nakano T. The role of NK cells in antitumor activity of dietary fucoidan from Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls (Mekabu). Planta Med. 2006 Dec;72(15):1415-7.
  12. Jean-François Deux; Anne Meddahi-Pellé; Alain F. Le Blanche; Laurent J. Feldman; Sylvia Colliec-Jouault; Françoise Brée; Frank Boudghène; Jean-Baptiste Michel; Didier Letourneur (2002). “Low Molecular Weight Fucoidan Prevents Neointimal Hyperplasia in Rabbit Iliac Artery In-Stent Restenosis Model” (PDF). Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 22: 1604.
  13. Aisa Y; Miyakawa Y; Nakazato T; Shibata H; Saito K; Ikeda Y; Kizaki M (2005 Jan). “Fucoidan induces apoptosis of human HS-sultan cells accompanied by activation of caspase-3 and down-regulation of ERK pathways”. American Journal of Hematology 78 (1).
  14. Pereira MS, Mulloy B, Mourao PAS. Structure and Anticoagulant Activity of Sulfated Fucans. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1999 March 19; 274(12):7656-7667.
  15. Nagaoka M, Shibata H, Kimura-Takagi I, Hashimoto S, Aiyama R, Ueyama S, Yokokura T. Anti-ulcer effects and biological activities of polysaccharides from marine algae. Biofactors. 2000; 12: 267-274.
  16. Steven Schacter, Fighting Radiation with Food, Herbs and Vitamins, East West Health Books, 1988